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Royal Victoria Hospital Critical Care Building

Maudsley Hospital Redevelopment - De Crespigny Park Facade


Belfast, Northern Ireland


Belfast Health & Social Care Trust

Completed - 2019


25,000 sqm/ £143m


Percy Thomas Architects' relationship with Royal Victoria Hospital spanned 15 years over five different projects, after successfully winning an architectural design competition and being appointed under a Performance Related Partnering contract for the redevelopment of Northern Ireland’s leading hospital. Developed in three phases, the final phase 2B (£140m) is the Critical Care Centre. It is a centre of excellence and will be the first of its kind in the UK. It is based on the Griffin Hospital in Connecticut who provide personalised, humanistic, consumer-driven healthcare in a healing environment, while empowering individuals to be actively involved in decisions affecting their care and well-being.

Built on brownfield, the critical care centre is surrounded by a number of multi-storey buildings making the site extremely restrictive. This required a consultative approach to design and a phased construction programme in order to address the complex site infrastructure and utility requirements. The centre will provide essential medical facilities including a new accident and emergency department, four operating theatres including two ultra-clean theatres, a 32-bed regional Intensive Care Unit including eight specialised source protection isolation rooms, a 50-bed maternity post-natal ward and maternity out-patients accommodation and plant.

The 12-storey building creates a community landmark. Polished ceramic panels and floor-to-floor glazing represent the high-tech clinical functions and the sterile environment. The upper floors, housing the critical care areas, are contained within a glass box expressing the advanced life-saving technology within. A pulsating blue light box creates a cityscape icon, mirroring the continuity of breathing.

The building expresses its internal functions in the powerful articulation of solid service cores contrasting with light and airy patient areas. Extensive use of glass creates a friendly, open and inviting atmosphere, with transparency maximised where appropriate in public spaces. A key design driver was to maximise daylight in the deep-plan areas and provide views out for patients, staff and visitors. A glazed corridor acts as family space and is separated from the clinical spaces, allowing separate access into the room for staff and visitors, affording privacy and dignity to patients and visitors. The three upper floors housing maternity functions have a much warmer, reflective space through the use of colour and natural materials.

The project is rated as “Excellent” under the NHS Environmental Assessment Tool and was a pilot project for BREEAM for Health.

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